Category Archives: PSY 361

ASH PSY 361 Week 5 Final Paper Transtheoretical and Health Belief Models in Chronic Illness updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 5 Final Paper Transtheoretical and Health Belief Models in Chronic Illness updated

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PSY 361 Week 5 Final Paper Transtheoretical and Health Belief Models in Chronic Illness updated

 

Focus of the Final Paper

The course of illness can be influenced by biological, psychological, and/or social factors covering a broad range of topics that include stress, coping, and behaviors that either promote health and prevent illness, or contribute to the development of clinical problems. Health and wellness are important to our daily lives and this is true even in the context of being diagnosed with a chronic illness such as diabetes mellitus. The interplay between emotions, cognitive, and behavioral/physical factors can affect all aspects of health and illness.

Individual differences such as culture, ethnicity, lifestyle, religion, gender, identity development, financial status, and social support should be considered when analyzing the individual’s response to a chronic illness. Numerous research studies have investigated the impact of one or more of these factors in terms of the effect on chronic disease outcomes.

These outcomes can include symptom management and/or progression of the severity of the disease.

Explanatory theories often describe factors that contribute to health problems, or interfere with prevention activities, and thus provide targets for change. One such theory is the Health Belief Model (HBM) which addresses perceptions of the health problem.

These perceptions include the degree of threat in terms of susceptibility and severity, any benefits to be obtained by avoiding the perceived threat, and various internal (e.g., self-efficacy) and external (e.g., barriers to care) factors that influence the individual’s decision to act. Other theories emphasize motivations that influence a continuum of stages of behavioral change.

The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change is a theory of this type. The response to chronic illness and the illness experience itself can be described by these models. In managing chronic disease, there are coping strategies and behavior changes that support optimal outcomes and therapeutic interventions can be designed for greater effectiveness by using these two models.

The assignment:

For your paper you will choose from the two options below. The option you choose will provide the focus and title for your paper.

Option A: Diabetes Mellitus and the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change

Option B: Diabetes Mellitus and the Health Belief Model.

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 5 Final Paper Transtheoretical and Health Belief Models in Chronic Illness updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 5 Final Paper Transtheoretical and Health Belief Models in Chronic Illness updated

 

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Option B: Diabetes Mellitus and the Health Belief Model

Focus of the Final Paper

The course of illness can be influenced by biological, psychological, and/or social factors covering a broad range of topics that include stress, coping, and behaviors that either promote health and prevent illness, or contribute to the development of clinical problems. Health and wellness are important to our daily lives and this is true even in the context of being diagnosed with a chronic illness such as diabetes mellitus. The interplay between emotions, cognitive, and behavioral/physical factors can affect all aspects of health and illness.

Individual differences such as culture, ethnicity, lifestyle, religion, gender, identity development, financial status, and social support should be considered when analyzing the individual’s response to a chronic illness. Numerous research studies have investigated the impact of one or more of these factors in terms of the effect on chronic disease outcomes.

These outcomes can include symptom management and/or progression of the severity of the disease.

Explanatory theories often describe factors that contribute to health problems, or interfere with prevention activities, and thus provide targets for change. One such theory is the Health Belief Model (HBM) which addresses perceptions of the health problem.

These perceptions include the degree of threat in terms of susceptibility and severity, any benefits to be obtained by avoiding the perceived threat, and various internal (e.g., self-efficacy) and external (e.g., barriers to care) factors that influence the individual’s decision to act. Other theories emphasize motivations that influence a continuum of stages of behavioral change.

The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change is a theory of this type. The response to chronic illness and the illness experience itself can be described by these models. In managing chronic disease, there are coping strategies and behavior changes that support optimal outcomes and therapeutic interventions can be designed for greater effectiveness by using these two models.

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 5 Discussion Coping Strategies for Chronic and Life Threatening Illness updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 5 Discussion Coping Strategies for Chronic and Life Threatening Illness updated

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PSY 361 Week 5 Discussion Coping Strategies for Chronic and Life Threatening Illness updated

 

Coping Strategies for Chronic and Life Threatening Illness. The focus of this discussion activity is on research regarding the coping strategies utilized by those diagnosed with a chronic illness. Analyze one (or more) peer-reviewed article(s) that investigates coping strategies utilized by those with chronic illness.

Search the Ashford Library, using the ProQuest and EBSCOhost databases using the following keywords as assigned below according to the first letter of your last name.

Last Names beginning with:

A through D: Coping; HIV; AIDS

E through H: Coping; cancer

I through L: Coping; heart disease

M through P: Coping; kidney disease

Q through T: Coping; spinal cord injury U through Z: Coping; arthritis

To look for peer-reviewed articles in the library:

Access the Ashford Library via the online course or the Student Portal

Click on the link at the top of the page that says “Find Articles & More”

On this page, click on “Databases by Subject”

Click on the link for “Psychology”

First search – use the EBSCO Host database: 
Put your keywords into the search box (e.g., punishment discipline)

Scroll down to the middle of the page and look for an area that says “Limit Your Results”

In this area, check BOTH boxes: Full Text AND Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals

Now click the green “search” button at the top

A list of articles appears – on the top of the list is a link called “Relevance” – click on this and a drop-

down menu appears – choose “Date descending” to order the articles by most recent date

Choose articles published within the last five years – to obtain the individual articles you want, click on

the “PDF Full Text” icon to get the article (save on your computer)

Second search – use the ProQuest database:
Put your keywords into the search box (e.g., punishment discipline)

Scroll down to the middle of the page and look for an area that says “Search Options”

In this area, check THREE boxes: Full Text AND Peer Reviewed AND Scholarly Journals

Now click the orange “search” button at the top

A list of articles appears – on the right side of the page, use the drop-down box to “sort results by” and

choose Publication date (most recent first)

Choose articles published within the last five years – to obtain the individual articles you want, click on

the “PDF Full Text” icon to get the article (save on your computer)

Assess how biological, psychological, and social factors related to the disorder impact the effectiveness of coping strategies. As you construct your post, synthesize the research findings you found with regard to the factors affecting health-related behaviors and coping strategies. Evaluate the health-related behaviors associated with coping strategies for your topic illness and explain how you might use the biopsychosocial model of health psychology to guide the development of individual coping options.

Your discussion should be a minimum of 300 words, and include appropriate citations from the referenced article(s), as well as any additional scholarly and/or peer-reviewed resources you choose to include in your discussion. Provide all resources as references in APA format

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 4 Discussion Barriers to Utilizing Mental Health Services updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 4 Discussion Barriers to Utilizing Mental Health Services updated

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PSY 361 Week 4 Discussion Barriers to Utilizing Mental Health Services updated

 

Barriers to Utilizing Mental Health Services. Some of our text reading this week focuses on the utilization of health care services and the different settings in which these services are delivered.

Using the Ashford Library, search the ProQuest database to identify at minimum one peer-reviewed article published within the last five years that focuses on one of the factors listed below in terms of its potential for creating a barrier to the utilization of mental health services:

Gender (sex) as a barrier to the utilization of mental health services

Lifespan (age) as a barrier to the utilization of mental health services

One comorbidity or multiple comorbidities (additional diagnoses either

mental/psychiatric/behavioral/developmental or physical) as a barrier/barriers to the utilization of mental

health services

Severity of mental or physical illness as a barrier to the utilization of mental health services

Sociocultural factors (financial, transportation, cultural) as a barrier/barriers to the utilization of mental

health services

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 4 Content Question Board Behavioral and Cognitive Methods for Treating Pain updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 4 Content Question Board Behavioral and Cognitive Methods for Treating Pain updated

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PSY 361 Week 4 Content Question Board Behavioral and Cognitive Methods for Treating Pain updated

 

Behavioral and Cognitive Methods for Treating Pain. This is a Content Question Board. Please view the instructions for interacting with this type of discussion forum here.

Writing the Content Question Answer and Providing a Response:

Content Question Answer Posting: The focus of this Content Question Discussion Board activity will be on pain treatment strategies.

You will be posting on the approach to pain management that is listed below with the first letter of your last name. In your discussion, assess how psychological methods might be effectively employed to assist patients to manage and cope with pain. Be sure to distinguish how you might utilize your strategy differently with patients across the lifespan.

Last Names beginning with:

A through C: Operant Approach (techniques to extinguish pain behavior and reinforce well behavior)

D through F: Fear Reduction (reducing fear of pain to minimize behaviors that worsen function)

G through J: Relaxation and Biofeedback (techniques to reduce stress)

K through N: Cognitive – active coping (distraction, non-pain imagery, and/or pain redefinition to modify the
pain experience)

O through Q: Cognitive – pain acceptance (cognitive strategies to promote pain acceptance and improve
functioning)

R through T: Hypnosis, Stimulation Therapies, and/or Animal-assisted

U through Z: Interpersonal Therapy (talk therapy to promote insight into the pain experience)

Your original post should be a minimum of 300 words.

You must include a minimum of one scholarly or peer- reviewed reference published within the last five years to support your work. All references should be cited in APA format as outlined by the Ashford Writing Center.

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 3 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 3 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders updated

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PSY 361 Week 3 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders updated

 

Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses.

Before you begin, please reference the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

Much of our text reading this week focuses on substance use and addictive disorders. Using the Ashford Library, access the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5) using the instructions in the required resources section for this week and select one of the disorders in the section titled: “Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders.”

You will then research your selected disorder in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine or Behavioral Medicine publications. The instructions below will assist you in your search.

Go to the Ashford University Library (either via the link in the left navigation or the Student Portal)

Click the “Advanced Search>>” link under the FindIt@AU search box

Enter the name of the disorder you selected from the DSM-5 into the first text box

Select “SU Subject Terms” in the drop-down menu next to your disorder

Enter Annals of Behavioral Medicine or Behavioral Medicine in the second box

Select “SO Journal Title/Source” in the drop-down menu next to the publication’s name

Click the Search button

Click “Relevance” and choose “Date Newest”

Read and discuss one or more articles published within the last five years in the journal listed above. If you do not generate an appropriate article in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine or in the journal Behavioral Medicine, remove the journal titles and complete a general search for your disorder.

Be sure to check the boxes next to “Limit to Full Text” and “Limit to Scholarly / Peer Reviewed”.
Utilizing the biopsychosocial perspective, explain the substance-related or addictive disorder and your research (reference article) through the model of health psychology. In your posting, analyze how the following factors potentially contribute to risk for developing a substance use disorder synthesizing research regarding these factors in order to support your statements.

Biological factors

Psychosocial aspects

Prevention of the disorder

Treatment of the disorder

Reasons for relapse

Your initial post should be a minimum of 300 words and include appropriate citations from the referenced article(s) and DSM-5, as well as any additional resources you choose to include in your discussion. Provide all resources as references in APA format. Additional sources of information may be found in the recommended resources for Week Three

 

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 3 Assignment Health Care Profiles and Plans for Change updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 3 Assignment Health Care Profiles and Plans for Change updated

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PSY 361 Week 3 Assignment Health Care Profiles and Plans for Change updated

 

Health Care Profiles and Plans for Change. From your work in Week One, you have already read about shared decision-making aids; the Healthcare Belief Model (HBM) and Transtheoretical Stages of Change (TTM). Review resources from the Week One assignment to assist you in this assignment.

It is recognized that achieving and maintaining a normal weight is a foundational goal of good health. The Healthy People 2020 initiative, part of the U.S.

Department of Health and Human Services, lists nutrition and physical activity as one of the leading health indicators (LHI) for the U.S. population. For this reason, many resources and decision aids have been developed to assist the individual in achieving this goal.

Using the interactive Decision Aid at the Choose My Plate website, you will use information from a case study to create a profile of an individual, and develop a plan for achieving and maintaining a normal weight through healthy diet choices and physical activities.

Please refer to these resources to assist you with your work:

Healthy People 2020: Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity

Healthy People 2020: About Healthy People

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Overweight and obesity: Strategies and solutions for my community

United States Department of Agriculture: Choose My Plate (Note the links for menus, videos, and more)

United States Department of Agriculture: SuperTracker (Create a profile using specific individual data that provides recommended goals and strategies for change to achieve and maintain a normal weight.)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Adult overweight and obesity.

• U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Cancer Institute. (2005) Theory at a glance: A guide for health promotion practice

Your paper should be organized into two sections as outlined below.

Section One – Case Study: Using the SuperTracker online software at the MyPlate website from the UDSA, create a profile with the information provided in the case study below.

Case Study: Jane is a 55 year old female, who is 5’6” tall and weighs 205 pounds. She accumulates less than 30 minutes per day of moderate activity exercise.

Once you have created the profile, you will receive dietary and physical activity information. Using the data from the profile you created, answer the following questions in the first section of your written paper:

What is Jane’s Body Mass Index (BMI)?

Is Jane underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese?

What recommendations can we provide to improve Jane’s health (move her towards a healthier weight)?

Section Two – Behavioral Change: Complete the following three tables regarding the case study profile you developed in Section 1 of this assignment. Copy and paste your completed tables into your assignment paper.

Table: Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change

Table: Health Belief Model (HBM)

Table: Comparison Table (Effectiveness of the TTM and HBM in describing and analyzing strategies to

move the individual towards achieving and maintaining a normal weight

Additional references are not required for this assignment. A separate reference page is not required, unless you used citations to complete your tables.

If additional references are cited, all sources must be documented in APA style and listed on a separate reference page, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 2 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Trauma and Stressor-related Disorders updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 2 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Trauma and Stressor-related Disorders updated

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PSY 361 Week 2 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Trauma and Stressor-related Disorders updated

 

Resource Evaluation Discussion Board: Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Before you begin, please reference the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

The biopsychosocial model of health psychology incorporates biological, psychological and social factors to evaluate health-related behaviors and utilization of healthcare services.

Our text reading this week focuses on stress and its relation to physical illness and psychological responses and coping. Using the Ashford Library, access the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5) using the instructions in the required resources section for this week and select one of the disorders in the section titled: “Trauma- and Stressor-related Disorders.”

You will research your selected disorder in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine publication. The instructions below will assist you in your search.

Go to the Ashford University Library (either via the link in the left navigation or the Student Portal)

Click the “Advanced Search>>” link under the FindIt@AU search box

Enter the name of the disorder you selected from the DSM-5 into the first text box

Select “SU Subject Terms” in the drop-down menu next to your disorder

Enter Annals of Behavioral Medicine in the second box

Select “SO Journal Title/Source” in the drop-down menu next to the publication’s name

Click the Search button

Click “Relevance” and choose “Date Newest”

Read and discuss one or more articles published within the last five years in the journal listed above. If you are unable to find a current article in this publication that focuses on your selected disorder, choose another disorder or email the instructor for guidance.

Maintaining a focus on Health Psychology and utilizing the biopsychosocial perspective, explain the stress-related condition and your research of it from the standpoint of the biopsychosocial model focusing on both the related biological and psychosocial aspects. Evaluate and comment on behaviors related to the disorder.

Distinguish between the health care services options for this disorder which are to patients available across the lifespan. Assess the information presented in the literature and describe how psychological methods and principles help patients manage and cope with this disorder.

Your discussion should be a minimum of 300 words, and include appropriate citations from the referenced article and DSM-5, as well as any additional resources you choose to include in your discussion. Provide all resources as references in APA format.

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 2 Assignment Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders Focus on PTSD updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 2 Assignment Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders Focus on PTSD updated

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PSY 361 Week 2 Assignment Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders Focus on PTSD updated

 

Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders: Focus on PTSD. In this written assignment, you will use a variety of resources on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) to evaluate and answer a series of questions on a given case study. PTSD is a recognized diagnosis in Section II: Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).

Specific diagnostic criteria exist for adults and children. A great deal of research has been done regarding risk factors for developing PTSD, as well as the prevention and management of this condition. Utilizing recognized resources relating to this disorder, a case study will be analyzed.

Please look at these resources before beginning your work:

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

Helping children and adolescents cope with violence and disasters: Police, fire, and other first responders:

What rescue workers can do

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (5th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing. Section II: Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders.

Helping children and adolescents cope with violence and disasters for parents of children exposed to violence or disaster: What parents can do

Understanding school violence

Understanding youth violence

Coping with stress after a violent event

Case Study: Johnny is a 12-year-old student at Hometown Middle School. Six weeks ago, he witnessed a fight lunch time between two students at the adjacent table in the cafeteria.

During the fight, a knife was pulled and its use resulted in serious injury to one of the students. Emergency medical services (EMS) were called, and the student was removed via ambulance. Since that day, Johnny has had frequent nightmares in which he revisits the fight scene. He has refused to eat lunch in the cafeteria and instead hides in the bathroom during the lunch hour.

Once this was discovered, he was brought to the guidance counselor, and his mother was called to school. Johnny insists that the cafeteria isn’t safe, and in discussion with the guidance counselor his mother mentions that Johnny insists on keeping a kitchen knife at his bedside table.

Further evaluation of Johnny’s school performance demonstrates that his grades have fallen from their usual level.
The biopsychosocial model of health psychology incorporates biological, social and psychological factors. Based on these, evaluate the health-related behaviors exhibited by Johnny in the scenario.

What health promotion (prevention) practices could be addressed? What factors might influence Johnny and his mother’s utilization of health care resources based on his developmental stage? Assess the scenario and comment on how psychological methods might be employed to assist Johnny in managing and coping with the situation.

Your assignment should include the sections listed below. Each section will focus on stress-related behaviors, referral for services, risk factors, and management and prevention of a stress-related disorder.

Answer the following questions, citing information from the specified resource(s) to support your writing and any statements of fact. Each question should be answered in a separate section, with a minimum of at least one paragraph (minimum five sentences).

In addition to the specified resources for each section, you may include additional scholarly or peer-reviewed references relating to the topic question, but this is not required.

Be sure to synthesize the information provided in the class resources regarding the factors affecting Johnny’s behaviors and choices.

 

ASH PSY 361 Week 1 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Biopsychosocial Evaluation of Psychological Disorder updated

ASH PSY 361 Week 1 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Biopsychosocial Evaluation of Psychological Disorder updated

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PSY 361 Week 1 Discussion Resource Evaluation Discussion Board Biopsychosocial Evaluation of Psychological Disorder updated

 

Biopsychosocial Evaluation of a Psychological Disorder. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses.

Before you begin, please reference the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

Our text reading this week introduces the discipline of health psychology and reviews body systems.

This subject content provides a foundation for exploring various topics in health and illness, and how to evaluate health-related behaviors and health promotion practices across the lifespan.

The biopsychosocial model of health psychology is described.

An historical overview of its development from preceding theoretical models in psychology is provided.

We can evaluate individual healthcare choices and utilization of healthcare services using this model. Utilizing the biopsychosocial model, research a selected psychological diagnosis and evaluate health-related behaviors and health promotion practices related to this condition from the standpoint of associated biological, psychological, and social factors.

First, select an individual psychological disorder that is found in Section II of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5), accessed via the Ashford University Library per the instructions indicated in the Required Resources list for this week. (Section II has subsections with various categories of different recognized neuropsychological conditions.

Be sure to open each section to scan the various disorders in each subsection category.) After reading through the disorders in each category, choose one for further study.

You may choose any disorder EXCEPT post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or the disorders listed in the category of

Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders. You will research your selected disorder in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine publication. The instructions below will assist you in your search.

Go to the Ashford University Library (either via the link in the left navigation or the Student Portal)

Click the “Advanced Search>>” link under the FindIt@AU search box

Enter the name of the disorder you selected from the DSM-5 into the first text box

Select “SU Subject Terms” in the drop-down menu next to your disorder

Enter Annals of Behavioral Medicine in the second box

Select “SO Journal Title/Source” in the drop-down menu next to the publication’s name

Click the Search button

Click “Relevance” and choose “Date Newest”