Category Archives: POL 255 (updated)

POL 255 Week 5 DQ updated

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POL 255 Week 5 DQ

  • Which international relations theoretical perspective offers the strongest (and weakest) explanations for the democratic peace? Why?
  • Will the democratic peace be a long-lasting phenomenon? Why or why not?
  • In response to the democratic peace, should U.S. foreign policy encourage the spread of democracy? If so, how?

POL 255 Week 3 Quiz updated

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POL 255 Week 3 Quiz updated

Question 1.Which of the following principles did Iraq violate by invading Kuwait?

Question 2.Which of the following is a major innovation of the European Court of Human Rights?

Question 3.Which of the following would Fareed Zakaria classify as an “illiberal democracy?”

Question 4.The International Criminal Court can prosecute individuals for which of the following international law crimes?

Question 5.Article 51 of the United Nations Charter is used to justify the use of force for which of the following purposes?

Question 6.Which of the following is the Arabic term used to describe uprisings in territory occupied by Israel, such as the one that began in 2000?

Question 7.The power transition school of realism sees war as most likely when which of the following occurs?

Question 8.Which of the following describes the International Court of Justice?

Question 9.The realist perspective would most likely call attention to which of the following features of the post–Cold War international system?

Question 10.Which of the following terms describes the practice of reconciling different regulatory standards across states by requiring product standards accepted in one state to be recognized by all participants?

Question 1.What occurred on November 11, 1989?

Question 2.Realists would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements?

Question 3.Which section of the United Nations Charter provides for peacekeeping activities?

Question 4.The realist perspective would most likely call attention to which of the following features of the post–Cold War international system?

Question 5.Which of the following terms describes the practice of reconciling different regulatory standards across states by requiring product standards accepted in one state to be recognized by all participants?

Question 6.Since the end of the Cold War, how has the rate of international intervention to enforce human rights changed?

Question 7.Which of the following describes the International Court of Justice?

Question 8.Which of the following principles did Iraq violate by invading Kuwait?

Question 9.Which states traditionally select the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund and the President of the World Bank?

Question 10.Which of the following is a major innovation of the European Court of Human Rights?

Question 1.The realist perspective would most likely call attention to which of the following features of the post–Cold War international system?

Question 2.The concern for human rights and an emphasis on the “responsibility to protect” reflect which of the following trends?

Question 3.Which of the following would Fareed Zakaria classify as an “illiberal democracy?”

Question 4.Which section of the United Nations Charter provides for peacekeeping activities?

Question 5.Arguing that U.S. President Bill Clinton pulled troops out of Somalia because the U.S. Congress pressured him to do so is an example of an argument from which level of analysis?

Question 6.Since the end of the Cold War, how has the rate of international intervention to enforce human rights changed?

Question 7.Which of the following norms is centered around a state’s freedom from interference in internal affairs by other states?

Question 8.A war that is designed to weaken a state that seems to be growing in power before it becomes strong enough to challenge an established power is called a

Question 9.Which of the following terms describes the practice of reconciling different regulatory standards across states by requiring product standards accepted in one state to be recognized by all participants?

Question 10.Article 51 of the United Nations Charter is used to justify the use of force for which of the following purposes?

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POL 255 Week 3 Discussion The Contemporary International System updated

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POL 255 Week 3 Discussion The Contemporary International System

The Contemporary International System. 1st Post Due by Day 3. 

Prepare: Read Chapters 5, 6, and 7 of the course text. 

Reflect: Realist, liberal, and identity perspectives provide excellent insights into today’s contemporary world. The realist perspective generally emphasizes the importance of power in international politics. In general, power is the capacity to influence others to do things that they would otherwise not be likely to do. Power is derived from many sources, but realists often emphasize in particular military power and the control of vital resources. Liberal views of the contemporary world focus on the integrating forces of international institutions and economic interdependence. The 1990s, according to the liberal perspective, provides extensive examples of the role of international institutions in collective security, legitimizing intervention into the affairs of other states. Identity perspectives focus on religious, ethnic, and national differences and on the role of political reform in integrating different groups and promoting tolerance. The identity perspective sees ethnic conflicts as socially created and advocates tolerance and democratization as the most effective answers to those conflicts. Consequently, knowledge of all three perspectives is needed in order to form a coherent, comprehensive picture of today’s international environment.

Write: In your initial post of at least 200 words, use one of the major IR perspectives (realist, liberal, or identity) discussed for support to explain which is the greater threat in today’s world: ethnic conflicts or terrorism? Why? 

Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates’ initial posts. Your peer responses must be at least 75 words each. As your reply to your classmates, attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or responding to the posts that they make to you. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. Make sure you analyze a classmate’s forum answer that applies a different IR perspective than the one you applied. Compare and contrast your response to your classmate’s and assess who has the most credible and valid argument

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POL 255 Week 3 Assignment Moral and Ethical Dilemmas from America’s Use of Drones updated

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POL 255 Week 3 Assignment Moral and Ethical Dilemmas from America’s Use of Drones

Moral and Ethical Dilemmas from America’s Use of Drones. Due by Day 7. 

Purpose: The primary goal of our third summative assignment is to explore the moral and ethical conduct of foreign policy. Specifically, you will use the moral/ethical concepts of relativism, universalism, and pragmatism to analyze the use of unmanned drones by the U.S. to achieve national security objectives. 

Prepare: Review Chapters 5, 6 and 7 in the course text. In addition, watch the video, The U.S. Drone Program is Fatally Flawed: A Debate. 

Reflect: The contemporary international system is faced with many challenges and opportunities. Major challenges and opportunities emerge from international events that often create ethical and moral dilemmas. Challenges (i.e., how to treat our fellow humans morally and ethically) or opportunities (i.e., how to establish absolute standards of human conduct and behavior in international affairs) are part of these enduring moral and ethical dilemmas. Scholars have developed conceptions of moral and ethical behavior that enable us to better understand and evaluate these challenges and opportunities. Among these conceptions are relativism, universalism, and pragmatism. A deeper understanding of these concepts will enable you to expand your investigations of complex and contentious international events, such as the use of drones to implement foreign policy goals. 

Write: In your assignment, complete the following: 

·         Based on the video, discuss the relativistic, universalistic, and pragmatic moral and ethical arguments for 

the use of drones. 

·         Based on the video, discuss the relativistic, universalistic, and pragmatic moral and ethical arguments 

against the use of drones. 

Identify one argument that best supports U.S. national security objectives and explain why

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POL 255 Week 2 Quiz updated

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Question 1. Arguing that the Truman Doctrine demonstrated the United States’ commitment to spreading and defending democratic values is an example of an argument from which perspective?

Question 2. Which of the following varieties of nationalism focuses on cultural and racial differences and advocates an aggressive, heroic approach to international relations?

Question 3. Arguing that German aggression was caused by “logrolling” coalitions among various elite groups, each of which had an independent interest in war or expansion, is an example of an argument from which level of analysis?

Question 4. The argument that Germany was able to survive (while Poland was not) because Germany could convert wealth into military power (and Poland could not) is an argument from which level of analysis?

Question 5. Which of the following are factors that are typically stressed by the liberal or identity perspectives, but are sometimes added to realist arguments to explain outcomes?

Question 6. Which of the following organizations was not a Cold War alliance concluded by the United States?

Question 7. The liberal argument that World War I occurred because interactions among the great powers broke down highlights the importance of which concept from game theory?

Question 8. What was the name of the American policy of preventing Soviet forces from expanding the territory they occupied?

Question 9. The term “splendid isolation” refers to what aspect of British foreign relations during most of the nineteenth century?

Question 10 .Why did Norman Angell, in a famous book written before World War I, argue that war is a “great illusion?”

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POL 255 Week 2 Discussion Communicating National Interests updated

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Prepare: Read Chapters 2, 3, and 4 of the course text. 

Reflect: Effective and timely communications among international actors is essential for a peaceful and predictable international environment. History is replete with examples of both effective, timely communications and ineffective, poorly timed communications between international actors. Effective, timely communications enables actors to share interests, to establish constructive and collaborative relationships, and to maintain stable and progressive foreign affairs. Ineffective, inopportune communications can result in conflict, reduce cooperation, and increase stress and fear among international actors. International disputes, diplomatic incidents, and even wars, have resulted from ineffective, inopportune communications. Success and failure can often be attributed to similar or contrasting theoretical perspectives on how to conduct foreign affairs. Therefore, a more in-depth understanding of how communications are sent, received, and interpreted is needed in order to understand global politics. 

Write: In your initial post of at least 200 words, complete only the portions you are assigned: 

·         If your last name begins with A – M, you must complete the following: 

1.     Identify, from the course text readings on World War I, World War II, and the Cold War, one example from each conflict of effective, timely communications of national interests between international actors. 

2.     Explain what factor(s) made the communications effective and timely. 

·         If your last name begins with N – Z, you must complete the following: 

1.     Identify, from the course text readings on World War I, World War II, and the Cold War, one 

example from each conflict of ineffective, poorly timed communications of national interests 

between international actors. 

2.     Explain what factor(s) made the communications ineffective and poorly timed. 

Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates’ initial posts. Your peer responses must be at least 75 words each. As you reply to your classmates, attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or responding to the posts that they make to you. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. If your last name begins with A – M, respond to someone whose last name begins with N – Z. If your last name begins with N – Z, respond to someone whose last name begins with A – M. For example, discuss the similarities or differences between the main factors that contributed to the effectiveness and the main factors that contributed to the ineffectiveness of the communications

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POL 255 Week 2 Assignment Levels of Analysis and the Crisis in Syria updated

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Levels of Analysis and the Crisis in Syria. Due by Day 7.

Purpose: The primary goal of this assignment is to explore another very important concept in international relations, the levels of analysis precept. Your specific task is to read a Congressional report analyzing the Syrian crisis and then discuss and assess the various levels of analysis illustrated in the report.

Prepare: Review Chapters 2, 3 and 4 in the course text. In addition, read the assigned report,Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response.

 

Reflect: International relations occur at a variety of levels. Individual diplomats and world leaders communicate with each other daily. Domestically, state governmental institutions, non-governmental organizations and private international businesses develop international plans and strategies. Foreign policy is crafted by governments at the domestic level but is designed to be implemented at the systemic level. Finally, at the systemic level, international organizations, like the UN or NATO, interact not only with functionally similar organizations but also with multi- national corporations and state governments. Importantly, our ability to understand where these interactions are taking place and how and why this level of analysis affects the interactions is necessary for a broad and nuanced appreciation of global relations.

Write: In your assignment, complete the following:

·         Discuss statements within the report that illustrate the different levels of analysis.

·         Explain why each statement you selected from the report corresponds to the level of analysis you

identified.

·         Assess which level of analysis provides the most comprehensive justification for the emergence of

conflict in Syria.

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POL 255 Week 1 Quiz updated

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Question 1. What is a perspective?

Question 2. What is a state in which domestic institutions have broken down described as?

Question 3. How do you identify the perspective and level of analysis of an argument?

Question 4. The realist perspective tends to define power as which of the following?

Question 5. Which of the following assumptions about the prisoner’s dilemma does the identity perspective challenge?

Question 6. According to the realist perspective, war is a consequence of what condition that prevails in the international system?

Question 7. The domestic level of analysis would be concerned with which of the following?

Question 8. How does soft power operate?

Question 9. What is the difference between theories and perspectives?

Question 10 .The arguments that anarchy, geopolitics, or the distribution of power causes events to occur are described by which level of analysis?

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